National Science Day: Celebrating the Discovery of the ‘Raman Effect’ by Sir C.V. Raman

National Science Day
National Science Day

National Science Day holds a special place in India, observed annually on 28th February. It pays tribute to the discovery of the Raman Effect and recognises the relentless efforts of our scientific community. This year, the theme is “Indigenous Technologies for Viksit Bharat,” emphasising the role of homegrown innovations in our nation's progress. As we delve into the significance of National Science Day, let's explore its history and importance.

National Science Day, marked every February 28th in India, celebrates the breakthrough discovery of the "Raman Effect" by the renowned Indian physicist Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (C.V. Raman). It serves as a platform to acknowledge the invaluable contributions of our scientists to the advancement of our nation.

Key Facts about National Science Day:

Date: February 28th

Origin: Instituted in 1987 to honour Sir C.V. Raman's discovery of the "Raman Effect."

Objective: Raise awareness about the pivotal role of science in our daily lives and foster a scientific mindset among the populace.

Theme: The theme varies annually and is determined by the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India. The theme for National Science Day 2024 is “Indigenous Technologies for Viksit Bharat.”

Indigenous Technologies for Viksit Bharat

The theme for National Science Day 2024, "Indigenous Technologies for Viksit Bharat," was unveiled by Union Minister Dr. Jitendra Singh on February 6, 2024. This theme underscores the achievements of Indian scientists in leveraging locally developed technologies to address challenges and enhance overall well-being.

India has made remarkable progress across various scientific domains, including Artificial Intelligence, Astronomy, Renewable Energy, Climate Research, and Biotechnology. Landmarks like the successful Chandrayaan-3 mission to the moon's south pole demonstrate India's prowess in space exploration.

Amidst the COVID-19 pandemic, India showcased its robust vaccine development capabilities, affirming its readiness to contribute globally to scientific endeavours. Furthermore, advancements in Quantum Technology are poised to enhance the quality of life for Indian citizens in the years to come.

National Science Day 2024 Celebrations

The celebrations for National Science Day 2024, slated for February 28th, continue the tradition of honouring scientific achievements. The theme, "Indigenous Technologies for Viksit Bharat," underscores India's commitment to self-reliance and innovation.

This emphasis on indigenous technologies aligns with India's vision of fostering economic growth, technological advancement, and societal development. It also signifies a step towards sustainability by promoting the utilisation of domestic resources to address pressing challenges.

Through a myriad of events, exhibitions, and programs, National Science Day 2024 will showcase the potential of indigenous technologies to drive progress across diverse sectors, ranging from healthcare and agriculture to energy and infrastructure.

National Science Day History

The roots of National Science Day in India trace back to the late 1920s with the discovery of the Raman Effect by Sir C.V. Raman:

1928: Discovery of Raman Effect - On February 28, 1928, Indian physicist Sir C. V. Raman discovered the phenomenon of light scattering in inelastic collisions with matter. This groundbreaking discovery, known as the "Raman Effect," had profound implications for various fields of science.

1930: Nobel Prize for Sir C.V. Raman - In recognition of his discovery, Sir C.V. Raman was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930. This not only honoured his contribution but also highlighted India's scientific capability on the global stage.

1986: Proposal from NCSTC - In 1986, the National Council for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC) proposed to the Government of India to designate February 28 as National Science Day to commemorate the discovery of the Raman Effect. The aim was to celebrate the discovery and promote scientific awareness among the public.

1987: First National Science Day - The Government of India accepted the proposal, and on February 28, 1987, the first official National Science Day was celebrated. Since then, it has become a significant event in India's academic and scientific communities, fostering scientific thinking and awareness nationwide.

National Science Day Celebrations in India

The celebration encompasses various official and public events nationwide, including:

Conferment of National Awards for Science & Technology Communication - This recognises outstanding efforts in popularising science and inspiring young minds towards scientific pursuits.

Radio and Television Programs - These programs aim to promote scientific ideas and foster scientific thinking among the public.

Science Exhibitions and Workshops - Educational institutions organise exhibitions, workshops, and lectures to engage students and the public in scientific concepts and discoveries.

Research Institution Exhibitions - Research institutions showcase their latest advancements and achievements in various scientific fields, allowing the public to learn about cutting-edge research.

Events by Non-Governmental Organisations and Community Groups - NGOs and community groups host events to make science accessible to a wider audience, fostering curiosity and interest in scientific topics.

Objectives of National Science Day Celebration

Spreading Awareness - National Science Day aims to spread the message of the importance of science and its applications in everyday life. It emphasises the relevance of scientific knowledge and its impact on society.

Encouraging Youth Participation - The celebration encourages young people to engage in scientific activities and consider pursuing careers in science and technology. It aims to inspire the next generation of scientists and innovators.

Inculcating Scientific Temper - National Science Day fosters a culture of scientific temper by promoting critical thinking, rationality, and evidence-based reasoning among the general public. It encourages people to question, explore, and understand the world through a scientific lens.

Fostering Innovation - The celebration promotes a culture of innovation by showcasing scientific advancements and achievements. It encourages creativity, problem-solving, and experimentation, leading to the development of new ideas and technologies.

Significance of National Science Day

Encourages Scientists - By commemorating the discovery of the Raman Effect, we honour our entire scientific community, motivating them to continue their valuable work.

Promotes Science Awareness - Outreach programs during National Science Day raise public awareness about various scientific concepts and recent advancements.

Fosters Scientific Temper - Through lectures, debates, quizzes, and exhibitions, people learn about the latest scientific progress, fostering rational thinking and fulfilling a duty outlined in the Indian Constitution.

Sparks Curiosity in Youth - Engaging activities like exhibitions and workshops introduce children to science in a fun way, igniting their interest and passion for it.

Highlights Indian Science Advancements - National Science Day showcases India's latest achievements in various scientific fields, instilling national pride and inspiring future scientists.

Encourages International Collaboration - By celebrating science nationally, India demonstrates its commitment to global scientific progress and opens avenues for international collaboration.

Strengthens Scientific Foundation - By inspiring future generations to contribute to scientific advancement, National Science Day strengthens India's scientific foundation and prepares it to address global challenges.


National Science Day is more than just a commemoration; it reflects India's journey towards becoming a global scientific leader. Honouring the past, celebrating the present, and envisioning the future play a vital role in shaping India's scientific progress and creating a better world for all through exploration and innovation.

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