WILL ELECTRIC VEHICLES BE A SMART CHOICE FORTHE ENVIRONMENT?
These days, urban air pollution and increasing carbon are thecourses for cities in India. One of the key sources of urban air pollution isvehicular emission.
In this context, the government is taking great initiatives; theyare bringing new regulations, policies, frameworks, and audacious goals toaddress environmental concerns.
These days, Electric Vehicles have emerged as a solution to tacklethese problems. But there is much confusion about it.
Can Electric Vehicles (EVs) be supportive in combating pollution?
Have we analyzed properly to understand the long-term impact ofEVs in our country? Should we switch to EVs to tackle the current environmentalproblems? How affordable it is going to be.
What is the difference in life cycle emission in electric vehiclevs normal vehicles?
Let'sdiscuss the impact, potential, and cost of Electric Vehicles.
We shouldswitch to EV or not!
We have various strong reasons to make the switch and it ishappening faster than we may think. Different countries like France, England,Norway, and the Netherlands are switching to EVs
The switch to EVs is expected to reduce carbon emissions by 37% by2030. This shifting should be implemented on all types of vehicles plying onIndian roads.
Apart from the carbon emissions, diesel and petrol are dangerousdue to the fact it spews dangerous air pollutants. EVs have zero tailpipeemissions as compared to cars using fossil fuel, which releases harmful airpollutants like carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxide, and particulate matter.
As per the report of WHO, 13 of the top 20 global cities with thehighest air pollution are in our country. With EVs in cities, the situationwill improve. With cleaner grid energy EVs seem to be the perfect solution forthe urban environment.
EVs make less sound than their petrol or diesel counterparts. Sothe switch to EVs would decrease noise pollution on a certain level.
EVs have a lower center of gravity than conventional vehicles. Itmakes these vehicles more stable and less likely to roll over. Also, becausethey do not contain flammable fuel there is a lower risk of fire or explosion.
Dependency on Fossil Fuels
India's oil import bill has been increasing and is pegged at Rs4.7 lakh crore in 2016-17, 3% of GDP. Present-day, India imports about 80% ofits crude oil from different countries; it makes the country hugely dependenton global supplies and vulnerable to global shocks.
In the ranking, India is the world's third-largest oil importerand vehicles contribute one-third of its oil demand. With the switch toelectric vehicles would save the government $60 billion in imports by 2030.
Electric cars are also a good option in terms of cost. It needsless expense for running and maintenance. The cost of electricity to charge andrun an electric car is less than 25% of the cost of driving a petrol car forthe same distance.
Additionally, the maintenance cost of electric vehicles is low.The reason being there are less moving parts in EVs than in a petrol or dieselvehicle. The only substantial cost is that of replacing batteries, after 8 to12 years of running.